Work is set to begin on the world’s first 3D-printed concrete houses, which are expected to be ready for occupation in 2019.
As part of the Project Milestone development, there will be five futuristic houses being built in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Four of the five houses will have multiple floors, and all properties will be scrutinized to make sure they comply with building regulations. They will need to adhere to standards such as comfort, quality, design and cost.
Project Milestone is a joint venture between the municipality of Eindhoven, Eindhoven University of Technology, Van Wijnen, Vesteda, Saint Gobain-Weber Beamix and Witteveen+Bos. Vesteda will be letting the properties to tenants upon completion.
The project design is set against a green landscape and features irregular shaped properties. The university says the built of the houses can be achieved owing to 3D-printing’s adaptivity to various sizes and shapes.
“The design aims at a high level of quality and sustainability. For example, the houses will not have a natural gas connection, which is quite rare in the Netherlands.”
While the project is ongoing, research will be carried out to explore further innovations. The five houses will be built one after the other, and improvements will be made along the way.
The concrete printing of the first house will be carried out at the university. However, the team hopes to eventually transfer the entire construction process to the construction site.
Eindhoven is a innovative hub for 3-D printing. Technology professor Theo Salet and his team recently printed world’s first concrete bridge in the village Gemert.
The university contends that 3D printing technology is a “game changer” in the built industries.
“Besides the ability to construct almost any shape, it also enables architects to design very fine concrete structures.
“Another new possibility is to print all kinds, qualities and colours of concrete, all in a single product. This enables integration of all sorts of functions in one and the same building element.”
The technology allows for individual customisation at an affordable cost.
“Another important advantage is sustainability, as much less concrete is needed and hence much less cement, which reduces the CO2 emissions originating from cement production.”